Men are responsible for 85% of all crimes in England and Wales
Men are responsible for 90% of murders
Men are responsible for 98% of sexual offences
Two women are murdered every week by their current or former partner
1 in 20 women in England and Wales has been a victim of rape according to Home Office statistics
Approximately 85,000 women are raped in England and Wales alone every year, compared to 12,000 men.
Of the population born in 1953, 34% of men but only 8% of women had a conviction for a serious offence by the age of 40
Between 1990-2010 there were 1570 cases of deadly violence – 1420 were committed by men (90.4%)
Statistics correct as of January 31, 2018 Why are men drawn to crime? It is clear from these statistics that men are inherently more violent than women, but why is this? Is it simply that men are more drawn to crime, or is there something else that has been perpetually affecting the behaviour of men across the world and all cultures? Biology and Gender Construction Whatever the range of factors contributing to violent behaviour – brain damage, psychopathy, childhood trauma, the influence of groups, or societal context – it is clear that they affect men to a larger degree than women. This brings us to a final possible contributing factor, and one which can have markedly different effects on men and women – gender construction. Is there something in the biology and gender construction of men that makes them more inclined to commit crimes than women? Could it be as simple as our chromosomes. Women have an XX chromosome whereas men have an XY chromosome. Is there something in that additional Y chromosome that sees men commit 90% of murders in the UK? The answer is that DNA is not destiny. There is proof that the male sex drive does have some affect on behaviour, but the majority of the anti-social behaviour relating to crime is not determined biologically. The male sex drive is not hardwired, and most importantly, it responds to social conditioning. Both men and women have a brain that gives us the power and choice to override unwanted behaviours. Anti-social behaviour in men is not directly caused by their biology, and it is time that we stop using the genetic make-up of men as an excuse for their behaviour. We are taught in school that we become who we are via inheritance: biological and environmental. So if we are able to rule out biology and gender construction as a reason for exaggerated crime in men, this leaves one other avenue to explore: society. Patriarchal Society What is 'The Patriarchy?' patriarchy ˈpeɪtrɪɑːki/ noun
a system of society or government in which the father or eldest male is head of the family and descent is reckoned through the male line. "the thematic relationships of the ballad are worked out according to the conventional archetypes of the patriarchy"
a system of society or government in which men hold the power and women are largely excluded from it. "the dominant ideology of patriarchy"
We are all living, and have always been living, in a patriarchal society. By age five, most boys and girls will have internalised the gender roles and expectations taught to them by their families, schools, religions and societies. In many instances, boys will have been socialised for violence by being taught that being a man means being tough, powerful, intimidating and a stud. Straight from the cradle, men are discouraged from showing emotion, which is seen as a feminine attribute. Without a culturally-approved outlet for their feelings, this stifling of emotion has led generations of men to turn to unhealthy coping mechanisms. Furthermore, research has shown that fear of being seen as 'weak' is so deeply ingrained that they drastically overcompensate when they feel threatened. Male overcompensation is typically played for laughs, but in reality, it can have terrible consequences. Men who don't see themselves as masculine are more likely to harass and act aggressively toward women and gay men. Stay-at-home dads are seen as weak for 'letting' their wives be breadwinners. In fact, research has shown that men whose wives take home the primary income are more likely to be dissatisfied with their lives, all thanks to a culture that sees childcare as a feminine activity. While constructions of masculinity differ widely both within and between countries, it seems clear that constructions of masculinity increase the chances of boys growing up to become violent men. Society has equated masculinity with strength and aggression. Males are taught and trained from a young age to be aggressive without feeling. The Trump presidential campaign is a perfect example of this. A young male prisoner said in an interview with two psychologists who were researching masculinity in prisons: “Men don't cry, do they? Men take it on the chin... Where I live, it's part and parcel of the way you live, you know what I mean... You can't be soft, you must stay powerful using whatever means necessary.” Due to the constructions of masculinity that men face in a patriarchal society, male suicide rates are now at their highest point in the UK since 2001. The Office for National Statistics shows that in the past thirty years, the balance between male/female suicide rates has shifted from 63% male in 1981 to 78% male in 2013. Men are killing themselves at a rate that noticeably outstrips women, and it isn't being addressed. Suicide is the leading cause of death for men in England. It should never be the case that the lead cause of death for any demographic is self-inflicted. The chair of the National Suicide Prevention Advisory Group in England suggests that men are more at risk of committing suicide because they are 'reluctant to seek help'. This is because men are trained to remain silent. The programming of men is based on homophobia, sexism and peer-pressure from media and peers who support these mindsets. As discussed earlier, men are taught to be strong, unshakeable in the face of adversity, and must never show any weakness, lest you be branded 'gay', 'sad', a 'girl', or a variety of other terms that ultimately boil down to 'feminine, and thus, like a woman'. Men are taught to think that women are weak and men are strong, and that being open about their emotions and mental health is identifying with a gender identity other than their own – that men don't do this. Only women. The Dismantling of The Patriarchy Feminists face the issue of trying to teach men that the patriarchy is just as damaging to men as it is to women. The patriarchy isn't an exclusive, privileged club for old boys, it's a regimented, strictly controlled concept of male identity that is causing men to commit heinous crimes against themselves and others. There are many, many more reasons other than those raised in this discussion as to why the disestablishment of the patriarchy is crucial to the survival of the modern world, but for feminism to succeed, we need men on board on our mission, and the only way to ensure this is to open their eyes to what the patriarchy is, and how it effects everybody, not just women. Paraphrased by Gynarchy Goddess WWW.GYNARCHYGODDESS.COM from the following references: www.thetimes.co.uk www.sahlgrenska.gu.se www.rapecrisis.org.uk www.huffingtonpost.co.uk www.theconversation.com www.splitnernews.com www.bustle.com www.medium.co